Located in the Northern part of India, Haryana is a land of rich culture & glorious history. The name Haryana signifies the Abode of God, as in Sanskrit, Hari means God and “Ayana” means home. Haryana founds mention in Vedic literature and Hindu mythology. The region is believed to be the place Lord Brahma performed his sacrifices and then created the universe. Haryana has also witnessed several historical battles, including the battles at Panipat and has lent canvas for the epic battle of Mahabharata at Kurukshetra. The vibrant state of Haryana presents a vivid kaleidoscope of diverse landscapes, showcasing magnificent archaeology, and celebrating art and culture. Modern Haryana is a treat in contrast with green fields on one side and modern townships on the other. Key Destinations in Haryana are Ambala, Hisar, Chandigarh, Gurgaon, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Panipat, & Panchkula. Haryana is bound by Uttar Pradesh in the east, Punjab in the west, Himachal Pradesh in the north and Rajasthan in the South. The state is also close to Delhi, the capital city of India and marks Delhi’s western, northern and southern borders. Haryana was carved out of Punjab in 1966.
By Air: Haryana has its own airport at Chandigarh which is well served through various cities of India. But the best way to enter Haryana is through Delhi either into Faridabad or Gurugram.Indira Gandhi International Airport is the best option situated at a distance of around 10 km.
By Road: Haryana is well connected by road to almost every small and big town in northern India. State-owned or private luxury buses are easily available for any parts of Haryana from all the nearby states.State capital Chandigarh has excellent road connectivity with all major towns of Punjab, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, and even Rajasthan & Uttarakhand.
By Train: All the major places in Haryana are connected to Delhi and other important centers all over the country in India by a good network of trains. Both the Central and Northern Railways have extensive networks in the state. In the capital, Chandigarh Railway Station is located in Sector 17 at a distance of 8 km from city center. It is well connected to various cities across the country including Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur, Kolkata, Trivandrum, Lucknow, and Chennai. Also, local shuttle services to various cities of Haryana are available.
Best time to explore Haryana is between October and March except for January when there are foggy conditions. Most of the year, the climate of Haryana is of a pronounced continental character, very hot in summer and markedly cold in winter. The summers are the hottest months (April to June) when the mercury normally remains over 40°C. This is followed by the monsoon, which continues from July to September. The winter months are extremely cold with the temperature hovering around 5°C most of the time from November to February. Though chilly winters are best advised for traveling in Haryana.
• Ambala: Ambala is perhaps the most famous and historical district of Haryana state. It is divided into two parts: Ambala Cantt (cantonment) and Ambala City, about 3 kilometers apart from each other. Ambala is also known as the “town of scientific instruments” due to the presence of famous Science Market. Key attractions of Ambala are Bhawani Amba Temple, Badshahi Bagh Gurudwara, European cemetery, Shrines of Lakhi Shah & Taqwal Shah, St. Paul’s Church, Gurudwara Manji Sahib & Sis Ganj etc.
• Gurgaon: Gurgaon, now known as Gurugram is situated in NCR of Delhi, the capital of India. Gurgaon, the second largest city in Haryana, is one of the most important industrial and financial hubs of the nation. Gurgaon with its location on NH-8, closer to the international airport, offers world-class commercial development, an ideal office destination and is a corporate hub of BPO companies, IT companies, etc. Apart from being a city with throbbing mall culture, Gurgaon is also blessed with quite a few fascinating tourist attractions like the Kingdom of dreams, Damdama Lake, Sohna, Sultanpur Birds Sanctuary, Ambience mall, Murthal & Manesar etc.
• Chandigarh: The union territory of Chandigarh holds quite a few distinction to its credit. It is one of the first and best-planned cities of India. The Capital of not one but two states i.e of Haryana and Punjab Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of “Chandi Mandir” located in the vicinity. The city is considered as the Mecca of modern architecture and planning all over the world.Key attractions are Capitol complex, Chandi Mandir, Sector 17 Plaza, Rock Garden, Sukhna Lake, Rose Garden, International Doll Museum, Hidden Valley, Kansal village etc.
• Hisar: Hisar was also known as the “The City of Steel”. The region has a very long history.Some excavations have related the region to pre-Harappan settlements. The region has also been found to be ruled by the Muryans with the discovery of the pillar belonging to the time of Emperor Ashoka (234 A.D).Hisar as a city was founded in 1354 AD, by Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Hisar was later witnessing to the rules of Mughals and Britishers as well as an Irish George Thomas. Key attractions of Hisar are Gujari Mahal, St Thomas Church, Agroha Temple, the historical village Lohari Ragho, archaeological site Agrobha mound, Rakhigarhi, Fort of Prithviraj, mausoleum complex of four celebrated Sufi saints Durgah Char Qutab, Ancient Gumbad, Jahaj Kothi etc.
• Karnal: Karnal has been a city of historical importance from the time of Mahabharata. It is believed to be founded by Raja Karna a hero in the epic tale of Mahabharata. The center of attraction in the town is Karna Tal (lake). Karnal is also home to several world class institutes research and development including the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR), Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI), National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), and Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI).Other important attractions are Karnal Fort, Qalandar shahs tomb, the Karnal Lake, Christian Cemetery, Babur’s mosque etc.
• Kurukshetra: Kurukshetra is a place of great historical importance and cultural heritage. The region finds mention in the very first verse of holy Bhagwad-Gita as DHARAMKSHETRA i.e. ‘Region of righteousness’. The place is revered all over the country for its sacred association with the Vedas and the Vedic Culture. It was here that the battle of Mahabharata was fought and Lord Krishna preached His Philosophy of ‘KARMA’ as enshrined in the Holy Bhagwad-Gita to Arjuna. Main attractions are, Jyotisar, Brahma Sarovar, Kalpana Chawla Planetarium, Birla Mandir, Thanesar etc.
• Panipat: Panipat is situated at a distance of around 90 km from Delhi. The region is witness to many glorious events.Three historic battles were fought here which changed the course of the Indian history decisively. The battles are first between Ibrahim Lodhi & Babur in 1526 AD which paved the way for the Mughal dynasty in India. The second one was in 1556 between Akbar & Hemu which consolidated the rules of Mughals in India.Third one was in 1751 AD between Ahmad Shah Abdali & Sardar Sadashiv Bhau which saw the defeat of Martha power. Today Panipat is an important tourist destination because of its strong historical connection and countless monuments. Some of the famous places to visit are Devi temple, Hemu Samadhi Sthal, Grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh Mosque, Panipat Museum etc. Apart from this Panipat is also famous for being a “City of Weavers”. Entire Panipat has a significant place in the international market for “handloom production”.
• Panchkula: Panchkula is a planned city in Panchkula District, Haryana. It is a satellite city of the Union Territory of Chandigarh. The district of Panchkula enjoys thickest forest cover in the entire State of Haryana. Morni Hills, the only hill station in Haryana, also lies in this district, on the offshoots of the Shivalik range of the Himalayas. Chandimandir Cantonment, the headquarters of the Indian Army’s Western Command, is based in Panchkula city. Key attractions are Mansa Devi Temple, Pinjore garden, Morni hills, Gurudwara Nada Sahib, Cactus garden etc.