Sundarban Natinal Park situated in the southern part of West Bengal in India. It is known for its abundant wildlife and Sundari trees. It is located on the world’s largest delta and mangrove swamp, formed by the merging of the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and Meghnais rivers. Sundarban Biosphere Reserve was constituted by Government of India in 1989 and it received the recognition of UNESCO under its Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme in November, 2001. Sundarban National Park, forming the core area of Sundarban Tiger Reserve, received recognition as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987. It has been nominated by GOI for recognition as Ramsar Site (a wetland of international importance).
Sundarban National park is the only mangrove forest in the world which is the home of Royal Bengal Tigers. It is also the abode of the highest numbers of tigers in the world. The Sundarbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have developed a unique characteristic of swimming in the saline waters. Tigers can be seen on the river banks from November to February. Apart from the Royal Bengal Tiger it has also home of other wild animals like Fishing Cats, Leopard Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Indian Grey Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chital.
Different forest lodges and forest rest-houses are available at Sajnekhali, Bakkhali and Piyali to make the wildlife pleasure more rewarding. Lodging facilities are also available at Sunderban Tiger Camp on Dayapur Island, a resort overlooking the national park, and at Sundarbans Jungle Camp on Bali Island run by Help Tourism Group with collaboration with local communities and members of Bali Nature and Wildlife Conservation Society. Economical lodging facilities are also available at Prakrity village resort on Jemspur.
Sundarban National park is accessible by air, rail and road via Kolkata. But, as the entire place is a network of river tributaries, you have to take boat ride to visit the remote areas of the park.
International Airport: Kolkata Airport: nearest airport at Kolkata, at 112 km.
Railways: Canning is nearest railhead (48 km).
Road: Road transportation is available from Kolkata for Namkhana (105-kms), Sonakhali (100-kms), Raidighi (76-kms), Canning (64-kms), and Najat (92-kms), which are all near the Sunderban and have access to the riverine waterways.
Water: Sunderban are approachable only by riverrine waterways. Motor launch facilities are available from Namkhana - Bhagabatpur Crocodile Project- Sagar Island -Jambudwip; from Sajnekhali - Sudhanyakhali-Buridabri- Netidhopan-Holiday Island; from Sonakhali - Gosaba; from Raidighi - Kalas.