One of the oldest cultural centers in the world, with a historical span of around 3000 years, the north Indian state of Bihar also known as the Land of Lord Buddha. Patna is the capital city of Bihar, located on the banks of holy river Ganga. The Mahabodhi temple, a Buddhist shrine which is declared by UNESCO as World Heritage Site, is situated here. Lord Buddha lived and preached here and one of the great learning centres of the world called “Nalanda University” used to exist here. It is the land of “Viharas” where Buddhist Monks preached the message of Ahimsa(Non-Violence) and love to the whole world. The state also has some of the finest monuments of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Some of the prominent festivals of Bihar are Chatth Puja, Ramnavmi, Makar Sakranti, Sama-Chakeva, Bihula, Madhushravani, and others. The uniqueness of Chatth Puja lies in the fact that it is the only occasion where the worshiping of the setting sun takes place. Hindi is the official language of Bihar, many local dialects include Bhojpuri, Magahi, and Maithili. Bhojpuri is the dialect that is spoken by the majority of the people of Bihar. Every Year, over 6 Million Tourists land in Bihar to visit the remains of Ancient Nalanda University, the abode of Peace Bodhgaya, the mighty stupas of Vaishali, the misty mountains of Rajgir and other historic monuments dating back to 350 BC, scattered throughout the state.
How to reach Bihar
All major airlines operate their flights from the capital city Patna and Gaya to all major destinations of India. Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport is situated at Patna.
There are direct trains to Patna from all major cities of the country. The railway station is located in the centre of the capital city.
Bihar is well connected with the rest of India by National and State Highways. The main bus stand is at Mithapur situated at the outskirt of Patna city.
The best time to visit Bihar
The best time to visit Bihar :
Best period to visit Bihar on your India travel is from October to February when the weather is cool and pleasant. The summer season comprises of March, April and May when the state experiences extreme climatic conditions during this period. The temperature remains more than 29 degree Celsius in almost all the places and even exceeds 40 degree Celsius in certain areas. June to September is the monsoon season.